Frequently Ask Question (FAQs) of Centre for Ocean Law and Policy (OLAP)
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Ocean law or the law of the sea refers to a body of public international law, comprising treaties and international customary law, which relates to the governance of the oceans. The main document which lays down the rules governing the oceans is the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (LOSC). The LOSC has been described as a constitution for the oceans. It specifies agreed limits relating to territorial seas, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf. In addition to ensuring freedom of navigation, it imposes obligations on maritime nations to conserve the use of marine resources and protects the marine environment by requiring maritime nations to prevent marine pollution. It also provides for peaceful settlement of dispute through a compulsory dispute settlement mechanism and has a revenue-sharing arrangement to ensure that resources of the sea are available for all nations. By facilitating peace and security, ensuring freedom of navigation and protecting the marine environment, the LOSC safeguards the interests of maritime nations whilst maintaining the sea as a common heritage of mankind.
Ocean law deals with the governance of the seas and is an area of public international law which covers the relations between governments. Maritime law is an area of private international law and is used generally to refer to laws relating to ships, shipping and maritime commerce. It is sometimes used interchangeably with Admiralty law, although admiralty law strictly refers to matters relating to jurisdiction and the arrest of ships.
The role of the Centre for Ocean Law and Policy is to identify key interest areas and to provide second opinion to the Government on the formulation, interpretation and implementation of law and policy to protect and to further Malaysia's interest in the maritime realm.
- The Merchant Shipping Ordinance, 1952
- Boat Rules, 1953
- Contingency Plan for Straits of Malacca-Oil Spill Control
- Contingency Plan for Oil Spill Combat Team
- Environmental Quality Act 1984
- Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1984
- Continental Shelf Act 1966
- Federation Ports Rules, 1953
- Fisheries Act 1985
- Light Dues Act 1953
- Merchant Shipping Act (Oil Pollution), 1994
- Merchant Shipping Examination for Certificate of Asian Oil Spill Response Action Plan (ASEAN OSPAR)
- Merchant Shipping Examination for Certificate of Competency (Deck) Rules 1998
- Merchant Shipping Examination for Certificate of Competency (Marine Engineer Officers) Rules 1998
- Merchant Shipping Order (Collision Regulations), 1984
- Merchant Shipping Order (Collision Regulations) (Rules for Vessels Navigating Through Straits of Malacca and Straits of Singapore)
- National Contingency Plan - Oil Spill Control
- Petroleum Rules (Safety Measures)(Transportation of Petroleum by Sea), 1985
- Petroleum (Safety Measures) Act 1984
- Port (Safety of Workers) Rules, 1985
- State Ports Rules.
- To defend the country's maritime interests;
- To promote maritime industries, associated activities, and the well-being of maritime community;
- To protect renewable and on-renewable resources to their optimum; and
- To ensure a clean, safe, healthy and productive maritime environment for present and future.