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Centre for the Straits of Malacca (SOM)

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Researcher

Vacant
VacantCENTRE HEAD
Sumathy Permal
Sumathy PermalSENIOR RESEARCHER
M.A. (Strategic and International Relations), University of Malaya
B. A. (International Relations) (Hons), University of Malaya

Sumathy Permal is a Senior Researcher with the Centre for Straits of Malacca since August 2015. Prior to that, she was with the Centre for Maritime Security and Diplomacy, Maritime Institute of Malaysia since April 2004. She obtained her degree in International Relations from the University of Malaya in 1999 and also Masters by Research on Strategic and International Relations in University Malaya in 2015. Ms. Permal’s research areas are on naval developments and strategies in the Asia Pacific, traditional and non-traditional security issues in Southeast Asia. Her current focus is on strategic and defence issues in the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca.

Her recent publication includes China’s Military Capability and Anti Access Area Denial Operations, published by Rutledge, Geopolitical Imperatives in the Straits of Malacca in The Paradox of the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Cooperation With United States And China: Examination on The Contemporary Issues and Challenges for Malaysia and Preventive Diplomacy in the South China Sea, Journal of Malaysian Defence and Security (MIDAS India’s Look East Policy and Maritime Cooperation in Southeast Asia, in India and Southeast Asia, Strategic Convergence in the Twenty-first Century, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, 2012; and co-author in Regional Maritime Security Environment: the Malaysian Perspective, Southeast Asia and the Rise of Chinese and Indian Naval Power, Between rising naval powers, Rutledge Security in Asia Series, 2010. Sumathy Permal is on the editorial board of the Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Australia.

Journals

  1. Sumathy Permal, (2014) China’s Military Capability and Anti Access Area Denial Operations, Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India, Taylor & Francis
  2. Sumathy Permal (2014), Maritime Cooperation with United States and China: Examination on the Contemporary Issues and Challenges for Malaysia, MIDAS International Journal.
  3. Nizam Basiron, (2013), Sumathy Permal and Melda Malek, (2013) Philippines arbitral proceedings against China, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Vol. 5(1).
  4. Sumathy Permal (2012), Preventive Diplomacy in the South China Sea, Journal of Malaysian Defence and Security (MIDAS) Vol.3, No. 1/2012 
  5. Sumathy Permal (2012). The 2nd ASEAN Maritime Forum,17-18 August 2011, Pattaya, Thailand, Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol.3, No.4.
  6. Sumathy Permal (2009). Safety and Security in the Straits of Malacca & Singapore, ICFAI University Journal of International Relations, Vol.3,No.2, April.
  7. Sumathy Permal (2007). Malaysia and Indonesia’s Security Priorities: Similarities and Differences, Indian Ocean Survey, A Journal of Indian Ocean Research Group, Vol.2 Nu.2, July-Dec.
  8. Sumathy Permal (2007). Trafficking in the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Studies Journal, Vol 156, Sept – Oct.  
  9. Sumathy Permal (2005). US-Indonesia Military & Naval Ties, Maritime Studies, the Australian Association for Maritime Affairs, November/December, 145.
  10. Sumathy Permal (2005). Indonesian Maritime Security Issues. Journal of Australian Naval Institute, Autumn 2005, Number 116.

 

Books

  1. Sumathy Permal (2015) Implementation of Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea and the Code of Conduct, ASEAN-China Workshop, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Philippines (in Print) 
  2. Sumathy Permal and Noor Aziz Yunan (2014) Geopolitical Imperatives, in The Paradox of the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Institute of Malaysia, pg. 21-55
  3. Sumathy Permal (2014), “Indo-Pacific Region: Political and Strategic Prospects Perspectives’ International Council for World Affairs. ISBN :9789382652-63-2, pg. 51-60
  4. Sumathy Permal (2013) Safe Waters, Malaysia’s Response, Towards Enhancing Security in Southeast Asia’s Maritime Domain, in Maritime Security and Piracy, EU Asia Dialogue, Shaping a Common Future Europe and Asia, Sharing Policy Innovation and Best Practices in Addressing Common Challenges, Kondrad Adenauer Foundation, pg. 143-164
  5. Sumathy Permal (2012). India’s Look East Policy and Maritime Cooperation in Southeast Asia, in India and Southeast Asia, Strategic Convergence in the Twenty-first Century, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, pg 284-296
  6. Nizam Basiron and Sumathy Permal (2010). Regional Maritime Security Environment: the Malaysian Perspective, Southeast Asia and the Rise of Chinese and Indian Naval Power. Between rising naval powers, Rutledge Security in Asia Series, pg 87.

Bulletins, Local and International Magazines

  1. Sumathy Permal (2013). “Indo Pacific Region: An Overview”, MIMA Bulletin
  2. Sumathy Permal (2012). Geo-Strategic Maneuverings in the South China Sea: U.S. Rebalancing in the Asia Pacific Region, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 19 (3)
  3. Sumathy Permal & Mok Lay Yong (2012) Piracy in the Indian Ocean and the Need for National Legislation, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 19 (2)
  4. Sumathy Permal (2012). Revisiting Maritime Security in Eastern Sabah, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 19 (1).
  5. Sumathy Permal (2011), Naval Developments in Southeast Asia and the need for Confidence Building Measures, MIMA Bulletin
  6. Sumathy Permal & Mok Lay Yong (2012) Piracy in the Indian Ocean and the Need for National Legislation, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 19 (2)
  7. Sumathy Permal (2012). Revisiting Maritime Security in Eastern Sabah, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 19 (1).
  8. Sumathy Permal (2010), Security Threat in the Eastern Sabah, Risk Intelligence, Strategic Insight, No. 21 Jan.  
  9. Sumathy Permal (2009). Addressing the Threat of Human Smuggling through Malaysia’s Sea, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 16 (3).
  10. Sumathy Permal (2008).The Exclusive Economic Zone Regime: Issues for Coastal States, Risk Intelligence - Strategic Insight, No.16 Nov.
  11. Sumathy Permal & Ramli Hj Nik (2008). Profile of the Straits of Malacca: Malaysia Perspective, MIMA Publication.
  12. Sumathy Permal (2007).  Look East Policy: India-Malaysia Strategic Cooperation, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 14 (3).
  13. Sumathy Permal (2007). The India’s Look East Policy, the IKMAL Journal, Vol 13 PP/6219/2006, August.
  14. Sumathy Permal (2006). US-Indonesia Military Ties: An Observation, MIMA Bulletin.
  15. Sumathy Permal (2006). Malaysia-Indonesia Naval Development: A Comparative Analysis THE IKMAL JOURNAL, April 2006, Vol. 11 PP/219/7/2005 
  16. Sumathy Permal (2006). India’s and China’s Interest in the Straits of Malacca, Marine Digest & Cargo News, Los Angeles, June

Reports

  1. Sumathy Permal, Mohd Arshad Atta, Amy Aai (2014) Promoting Sustainable Use of the South China Sea in an Era of Dynamic Geostrategic Change, Conference Report, Maritime Institute of Malaysia
  2. Sumathy Permal (2013).Malaysia Maritime Cooperation with United States and China: Examination on the Contemporary Issues and Challenges, MIMA Report.
  3. Sumathy Permal (2013) Geopolitics and Strategic Issues in the South China Sea:  Implication to Regional Security  
  4. Sumathy Permal, Noor Aziz Yunan, (2013) The Strait Of Malacca: Geopolitical  Imperatives, MIMA Report
  5. Sumathy Permal & Mohd Arshad Atta (2012) Geo Strategic Developments and Prospects for Dispute Management, Conference Report, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  6. Sumathy Permal (2012), China’s Anti-Access/Area Denial Strategy and the U.S. Air Sea Battle Concept: Implications for Malaysia’s Maritime Security, MIMA Report
  7. Sumathy Permal (2012). Advancing Malaysia’s Strategic Interests In The Indian Ocean, MIMA Report.
  8. Sumathy Permal (2011). Malaysia’s Maritime Border Security: Case Study on Sabah, MIMA Report, Updated.
  9. Sumathy Permal (2011) Analysing Confidence Building Measures among ASEAN Navies, MIMA Report, Updated. 
  10. Sumathy Permal (2009). Malaysia’s Maritime Border Security: Analysis on Sabah, MIMA Report.
  11. Sumathy Permal (2008). Mode, Means and Degree of Cooperation on “War on Terror, Maritime Security Initiatives and ASEAN Responses, MIMA Report.
  12. Sumathy Permal (2008). Foreign Activities in Malaysia’s EEZ: Issues and Challenge, MIMA Report.
  13. Sumathy Permal (2007).Report on International Visitor’s Leadership Program on Protecting Ports and Sea Lanes for Trade and National Security, United States. MIMA Report.
  14. Sumathy Permal (2007). Cooperative Initiatives for the Safety and Security in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Maritime Safety, Security, and Environmental Protection, 20-21 September 2007, Athens, Greece.
  15. Sumathy Permal & Mohd Nizam Basiron (2007). Funding Mechanism for the Straits of Malacca and Singapore: Practices in Other Straits Used for International Navigation, Paper Presented at the Follow-up Meeting of Straits of Malacca Symposium, IDSS, 11-12 June 2007, and Singapore.
  16. Sumathy Permal (2007). Malacca Strait Power Imperatives, Paper Presented at MIMA Seminar on Maritime Powers Interest in the Strait of Malacca, 12 July 2007, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  17. Sumathy Permal (2007). Seminar Report “Maritime Powers’ Interest in the Malacca Strait” 12 July 2007, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  18. Sumathy Permal (2006). Burden Sharing in the Malacca Straits: Proposed Funding Mechanism Based on Practices in Other Straits Used for International Navigation, MIMA Report.

Newspaper Articles

  1. Sumathy Permal (2011). Confidence Building Vital: ASEAN Must Create Avenue To Mediate Dispute In The South China Sea, The Star, 29 Sept. 
  2. Sumathy Permal (2006). Strike a balance on Straits Safety, The Star, 8 May.
  3. Sumathy Permal (2008). “Terrorists Using Sea Routes More Frequently”, The Star, 15 December.
  4. Sumathy Permal (2006). “Straits’ users should be taxed” The Star, 7 August.

Online Articles

  1. Sumathy Permal (2015). Malaysia Walking-the-Talk on South China Sea Issues: A Reference to 26th ASEAN Summit 2015. MIMA Sea Views No. 4/2015
  2. Sumathy Permal (2015). South China Sea Manoeuvrings: More of the same in 2015?MIMA Sea Views No. 2/2015
  3. Sumathy Permal (2014). Action Reaction Incidents: The Need for Multiagency Comprehensive Confidence Building Measures (CCBM) Agreement for the South China Sea, MIMA Sea Views No. 8/2014
  4. Sumathy Permal (2014). China Defence Budget As A Manifestation Of Military Strength, MIMA Commentary, No. 5/2014
  5. Sumathy Permal (2013). Leveraging on China-Malaysia Relations in the Maritime Domain , MIMA Commentary No. 10/2013
  6. Sumathy Permal, The rising turbulence in the South China Sea , MIMA Commentary No. 5/2013
  7. Sumathy Permal (2012) All Roads Leads to Indian Ocean, MIMA Sea Views, January.
  8. Sumathy Permal (2004). Indonesia’s Effort in Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery in the Straits of Malacca, MIMA Online, February
  9. Sumathy Permal (2005). Piracy Cases Heightened in the Straits of Malacca, MIMA Online Paper.

 

Jalila Abdul Jalil
Jalila Abdul Jalil SENIOR RESEARCHER
LL.B (Hons.), Glamorgan
Diploma in Law of the Sea, Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy

Jalila Abdul Jalil is a Senior Researcher with Centre for the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA) and has previously served with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. She graduated with an LL.B (Hons) Bachelor of Laws from the University of Glamorgan, Wales, United Kingdom and is an alumni of the Rhodes Oceans Scholar in Law of the Sea, Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. She is also a Member of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, Inns of Court, London.

Her research interests include public international law matters, law of the sea, maritime boundaries issues, disputes settlement, and legal matters pertaining to International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Conventions.

Journals

  1. B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal. Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Volume 6, Issue 4, 2014, pp. 207 – 226, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. (Printed Publication). 
    Online Version: Published on 6 November 2014, DOI 10.1080/18366503.2014.956856, B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Taylor and Francis Group.
  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Indonesia’s Maritime Boundaries with Singapore and Indonesia: Issues for Consideration for Malaysia, Diplomatic Voice, Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IDFR), Vol. 3, 2014, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.
  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Significance of UNCLOS: Malaysia’s Maritime Zones, Contemporary Legislations and Cases on Dispute Settlement. The Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia, Volume 14, Number 1, August 2014, pp. 69 – 88.
  4. Rahim Hussin, Jalila Abdul Jalil and Mohamad Zulariff Abdullah (2015). Maritime Security for Southeast Asia – An Appraisal, EU-Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam High-Level Workshop: Maritime Issues and UNCLOS: Sharing European and Asian Approaches to Territorial Disputes, Halong City, Vietnam, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, (In Print).
  5. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Competing Territorial and Maritime Claims in the Asia Pacific: Focusing on the South China Sea, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1) 2015, pp 2 – 6.
  6. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Jurisprudence Developments on the Delimitation of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 nm, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1) 2015, pp 33 – 42.

 

Books

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Chapter 9, Policies and Legislative Practices in The Strait of Malacca, in H.M. Ibrahim and Hairil Anuar Husin (eds.), Profile of the Strait of Malacca: Malaysia’s Perspectives, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. 143 – 170.
  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Chapter 9, Maritime Delimitation: Unity In Boundary Lines. The Paradox of the Straits of Malacca: Balancing Priorities for A Sustainable Waterway, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. pp. 297 – 330.

 

Reports

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). The concept of a single maritime boundary (SMB): Its application in defending Malaysia’s maritime boundary baselines, MIMA Report.
  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Application of Article 121: The Evolution of Travaux Preparatoires to Jurisprudence Development, MIMA Report.
  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). The Significance of Aids to Navigation and Navigational Issues as Factors of Special and Relevant Circumstances in Maritime Boundary Delimitation, MIMA Report.
  4. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2013). Third Party Intervention in Relation to Maritime Boundary Disputes: An Analysis, MIMA Report.
  5. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2013). Maritime Delimitation: Unity in Boundary Lines, MIMA Report.
  6. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2012). Unlocking the Sulawesi Maritime Boundaries Conundrum – Options for Malaysia, MIMA Report.

Bulletins and Magazines

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge “Precious Rocks: So Near Yet So Far”. MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (2), pp 33 – 36. 
  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Sovereignty over Disputed Islands: Factors Considered by the International Court of Justice. MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (1), pp 38 – 44.
  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). MIMA Seminar on Islands: Which Boundaries, Whose Ownership? MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (1), pp 31 – 32.
  4. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2007). Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) 1950: A Need for Revision. The IKMAL Journal, January, Vol. 12.

Newspaper Articles

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil. Need to upgrade ocean laws. (The Star, 30 October 2006, page 22).

Online Articles

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Setting Boundaries in the Sea. MIMA Sea Views, No. 9/2014, 23 May, pp 1 – 8.
  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2012). Bay of Bengal: ITLOS’ First Ruling In Favour of Bangladesh. MIMA Sea Views, No. 8/2012, 23 May, pp 1 – 4.

 

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