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Centre for the Straits of Malacca (SOM)

Welcome to Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA) official website! MIMA is mandated by the government to provide maritime policy and consultancy services to the government, industries, and the community.

Researcher

Sumathy Permal
Sumathy PermalFellow (F) Centre Head
M.A. (Strategic and International Relations), University of Malaya
B. A. (International Relations) (Hons), University of Malaya

Sumathy Permal is a Fellow and Head of Centre for Straits of Malacca, with the Maritime Institute of Malaysia. Ms. Permal’s research areas are on geo-politic and geo-strategic in the Asia Pacific and maritime security issues in the Indo Pacific. Sumathy Permal is on the editorial board of the Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs Australia and Associate Member of the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies. She was also the International Expert Panel for National Bureau of Asian Research and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA on Maritime Awareness Program, 2016. She is a Profession Fellow On- Demand Exchange Program by the U.S. Department of State for Think-Tank in Asia and in the East Asian International Relations (EAIR) Caucus, a Network for Researchers Studying Scholarly and Policy Issues in Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia.

Centre for the Straits of Malacca (CSOM)

Journals

  1. Sumathy Permal etl (2017), Post SCS Arbitration Development and Issues Relating to Freedom of Navigation, Rights of Coastal States and Environmental Protection in the “Area”, Asian Politics & Policy, Thomson & Reuters (In Print)
  2. Sumathy Permal (2016), The Straits of Malacca: A Critical Sea lanes in the Indian Ocean, in Pentagon’s Yearbook: South Asia Defence & Strategic Perspectives, ISBN 9788182748880, Pentagon Press.
  3. Sumathy Permal (2016) Malaysia’s Diplomatic and Security Responses in Fu-Kuo Liu and Jonathan Spangler (eds.), South China Sea Lawfare: Legal Perspectives and International Responses to the Philippines v. China Arbitration Case, Taipei: South China Sea Think Tank / Taiwan Center for Security Studies, January 29, 2016
  4. Vivian Forbes & Sumathy Permal (2015) Geopolitics Trends in South China Sea 2013-2015, The Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relation.
  5. Sumathy Permal, (2014) China’s Military Capability and Anti Access Area Denial Operations, Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India, Taylor & Francis
  6. Sumathy Permal (2014), Maritime Cooperation with United States and China: Examination on the Contemporary Issues and Challenges for Malaysia, MIDAS International Journal.
  7. Nizam Basiron, (2013), Sumathy Permal and Melda Malek, (2013) Philippines arbitral proceedings against China, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Vol. 5(1).
  8. Sumathy Permal (2012), Preventive Diplomacy in the South China Sea, Journal of Malaysian Defence and Security (MIDAS) Vol.3, No. 1/2012
  9. Sumathy Permal (2012). The 2nd ASEAN Maritime Forum,17-18 August 2011, Pattaya, Thailand, Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol.3, No.4.
  10. Sumathy Permal (2009). Safety and Security in the Straits of Malacca & Singapore, ICFAI University Journal of International Relations, Vol.3,No.2, April.
  11. Sumathy Permal (2007). Malaysia and Indonesia’s Security Priorities: Similarities and Differences, Indian Ocean Survey, A Journal of Indian Ocean Research Group, Vol.2 Nu.2, July-Dec.
  12. Sumathy Permal (2007). Trafficking in the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Studies Journal, Vol 156, Sept – Oct. 
  13. Sumathy Permal (2005). US-Indonesia Military & Naval Ties, Maritime Studies, the Australian Association for Maritime Affairs, November/December, 145.
  14. Sumathy Permal (2005). Indonesian Maritime Security Issues
  15. Journal of Australian Naval Institute, Autumn 2005, Number 116. 

Books

  1. Sumathy Permal (2016) Diplomatic and Security Responses to the Award: Malaysia’s Perspective, in  Fu-Kuo Liu and Jonathan Spangler (eds.), South China Sea Lawfare: Legal Perspectives and International Responses to the Philippines v. China Arbitration Case, Taipei: South China Sea Think Tank / Taiwan Center  for Security Studies, January 29, 2016.
  2.        Sumathy Permal (2015) The Strait of Malacca: A Critical Sea lane In The Indian Ocean, Pentagon Press, pg.
  3. Sumathy Permal (2015) Indian Ocean : Strategic Imperative for Malaysia , IONSPHERE, Edition V, Sea Power Centre Australia, pg. 130-137
  4.        Sumathy Permal (2014), “Indo-Pacific Region: Political and Strategic Prospects Perspectives’ International Council for World Affairs. ISBN :9789382652-63-2, pg. 51-60
  5.        Sumathy Permal (2013) Safe Waters, Malaysia’s Response, Towards Enhancing Security in Southeast Asia’s Maritime Domain, in Maritime Security and Piracy, EU Asia Dialogue, Shaping a Common Future Europe and Asia, Sharing Policy Innovation and Best Practices in Addressing Common Challenges, Kondrad Adenauer Foundation, pg. 143-164
  6. Sumathy Permal (2012). India’s Look East Policy and Maritime Cooperation in Southeast Asia, in India and Southeast Asia, Strategic Convergence in the Twenty-first Century, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, pg 284-296
  7. Nizam Basiron and Sumathy Permal (2010). Regional Maritime Security Environment: the Malaysian Perspective, Southeast Asia and the Rise of Chinese and Indian Naval Power. Between rising naval powers, Rutledge Security in Asia Series, pg 87.

New Paper, Bulletins, Local and International Magazines

  1. Sumathy Permal (2017) China’s One Belt and One Road Initiatives, Strengthening Economic Linkages for Mutual Benefits, New Straits Times, 1 May 2017
  2. Sumathy Permal (2017) Asia Pacific Maritime Situation Fraught with Tension, New Straits Times, 5 January 2017
  3. Sumathy Permal (2016) Resolving the South China Sea Dispute, The Star, 15 June 2016
  4. Sumathy Permal (2016) Reshaping the South China Sea Agenda, 18 August 2016
  5. Sumathy Permal (2015) Security Strategy for A Disputed Sea, New Straits Times, 3/09/2015
  6. Sumathy Permal (2015) Friendship and Peace on the Waterway, The Star, 28/9/2015
  7. Sumathy Permal (2010), Security Threat in the Eastern Sabah, Risk Intelligence, Strategic Insight, No. 21 Jan. 
  8. Sumathy Permal (2009). Addressing the Threat of Human Smuggling through Malaysia’s Sea, MIMA Bulletin, Vol 16 (3).
  9. Sumathy Permal (2008).The Exclusive Economic Zone Regime: Issues for Coastal States, Risk Intelligence - Strategic Insight, No.16 Nov.
  10. Sumathy Permal (2006). Malaysia-Indonesia Naval Development: A Comparative Analysis THE IKMAL JOURNAL, April 2006, Vol. 11 PP/219/7/2005
  11. Sumathy Permal (2006). India’s and China’s Interest in the Straits of Malacca, Marine Digest & Cargo News, Los Angeles, June
  12. Sumathy Permal (2011). Confidence Building Vital: ASEAN Must Create Avenue To Mediate Dispute In The South China Sea, The Star, 29 Sept.
  13. Sumathy Permal (2006). Strike a balance on Straits Safety, The Star, 8 May.
  14. Sumathy Permal (2008). “Terrorists Using Sea Routes More Frequently”,The Star, 15 December.
  15. Sumathy Permal (2006). “Straits’ users should be taxed” The Star,

Reports

  1. Sumathy Permal, Mohd Arshad Atta (2016) 5th MIMA South China Sea Conference Report, Reshaping the South China Sea Maritime Agenda Maritime Institute of Malaysia
  2. Sumathy Permal, Mohd Arshad Atta, Amy Aai (2014) Promoting Sustainable Use of the South China Sea in an Era of Dynamic Geostrategic Change, Conference Report, Maritime Institute of Malaysia
  3. Sumathy Permal (2013).Malaysia Maritime Cooperation with United States and China: Examination on the Contemporary Issues and Challenges, MIMA Report.
  4. Sumathy Permal (2013) Geopolitics and Strategic Issues in the South China Sea:  Implication to Regional Security 
  5. Sumathy Permal, Noor Aziz Yunan, (2013) The Strait of Malacca: Geopolitical Imperatives, MIMA Report
  6. Sumathy Permal & Mohd Arshad Atta (2012) Geo Strategic Developments and Prospects for Dispute Management, Conference Report, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  7. Sumathy Permal (2012), China’s Anti-Access/Area Denial Strategy and the U.S. Air Sea Battle Concept: Implications for Malaysia’s Maritime Security, MIMA Report
  8. Sumathy Permal (2012). Advancing Malaysia’s Strategic Interests In The Indian Ocean, MIMA Report.
  9. Sumathy Permal (2011). Malaysia’s Maritime Border Security: Case Study on Sabah, MIMA Report, Updated.
  10. Sumathy Permal (2011) Analysing Confidence Building Measures among ASEAN Navies, MIMA Report, Updated.
  11. Sumathy Permal (2009). Malaysia’s Maritime Border Security: Analysis on Sabah, MIMA Report.
  12. Sumathy Permal (2008). Mode, Means and Degree of Cooperation on “War on Terror, Maritime Security Initiatives and ASEAN Responses, MIMA Report.
  13. Sumathy Permal (2008). Foreign Activities in Malaysia’s EEZ: Issues and Challege, MIMA Report.
  14. Sumathy Permal (2007).Report on International Visitor’s Leadership   Program     on Protecting Ports and Sea Lanes for Trade and National Security, United States. MIMA Report
  15. Sumathy Permal (2007). Cooperative Initiatives for the Safety and Security in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Maritime Safety, Security, and Environmental Protection, 20-21 September 2007, Athens, Greece.
  16. Sumathy Permal & Mohd Nizam Basiron (2007). Funding Mechanism for the Straits of Malacca and Singapore: Practices in Other Straits Used for International Navigation, Paper Presented at the Follow-up Meeting of Straits of Malacca Symposium, IDSS, 11-12 June 2007, and Singapore.
  17. Sumathy Permal (2007). Malacca Strait Power Imperatives, Paper Presented at MIMA Seminar on Maritime Powers Interest in the Strait of Malacca, 12 July 2007, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  18. Sumathy Permal (2007). Seminar Report “Maritime Powers’ Interest in the Malacca Strait” 12 July 2007, Maritime Institute of Malaysia.
  19. Sumathy Permal (2006). Burden Sharing in the Malacca Straits: Proposed Funding Mechanism Based on Practices in Other Straits Used for International Navigation, MIMA Report.

Newspaper Articles

  1. Sumathy Permal (2011). Confidence Building Vital: ASEAN Must Create Avenue To Mediate Dispute In The South China Sea, The Star, 29 Sept. 
  2. Sumathy Permal (2006). Strike a balance on Straits Safety, The Star, 8 May.
  3. Sumathy Permal (2008). “Terrorists Using Sea Routes More Frequently”, The Star, 15 December.
  4. Sumathy Permal (2006). “Straits’ users should be taxed” The Star, 7 August.

Online Articles

  1. Sumathy Permal (2015). Malaysia Walking-the-Talk on South China Sea Issues: A Reference to 26th ASEAN Summit 2015. MIMA Sea Views No. 4/2015
  2. Sumathy Permal (2015). South China Sea Manoeuvrings: More of the same in 2015?MIMA Sea Views No. 2/2015
  3. Sumathy Permal (2014). Action Reaction Incidents: The Need for Multiagency Comprehensive Confidence Building Measures (CCBM) Agreement for the South China Sea, MIMA Sea Views No. 8/2014
  4. Sumathy Permal (2014). China Defence Budget As A Manifestation Of Military Strength, MIMA Commentary, No. 5/2014
  5. Sumathy Permal (2013). Leveraging on China-Malaysia Relations in the Maritime Domain , MIMA Commentary No. 10/2013
  6. Sumathy Permal, The rising turbulence in the South China Sea , MIMA Commentary No. 5/2013
  7. Sumathy Permal (2012) All Roads Leads to Indian Ocean, MIMA Sea Views, January.
  8. Sumathy Permal (2004). Indonesia’s Effort in Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery in the Straits of Malacca, MIMA Online, February
  9. Sumathy Permal (2005). Piracy Cases Heightened in the Straits of Malacca, MIMA Online Paper.

 

Jalila Abdul Jalil
Jalila Abdul Jalil SENIOR RESEARCHER
LL.B (Hons.), Glamorgan
Diploma in Law of the Sea, Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy

Jalila Abdul Jalil is a Senior Researcher with Centre for the Straits of Malacca, Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA) and has previously served with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. She graduated with an LL.B (Hons) Bachelor of Laws from the University of Glamorgan, Wales, United Kingdom and is an alumni of the Rhodes Oceans Scholar in Law of the Sea, Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. She is also a Member of the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, Inns of Court, London.

Her research interests include public international law matters, law of the sea, maritime boundaries issues, disputes settlement, and legal matters pertaining to International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Conventions.

COMING EVENTS

No upcoming event!

Journals

  1. B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal. Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Volume 6, Issue 4, 2014, pp. 207 – 226, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. (Printed Publication). 
    Online Version: Published on 6 November 2014, DOI 10.1080/18366503.2014.956856, B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Taylor and Francis Group.

  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Indonesia’s Maritime Boundaries with Singapore and Indonesia: Issues for Consideration for Malaysia, Diplomatic Voice, Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IDFR), Vol. 3, 2014, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.

  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Significance of UNCLOS: Malaysia’s Maritime Zones, Contemporary Legislations and Cases on Dispute Settlement. The Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia, Volume 14, Number 1, August 2014, pp. 69 – 88.

  4. En. Rahim Hussin, Jalila Abdul Jalil and Mohamad Zulariff Abdullah (2015). Maritime Security for Southeast Asia – An Appraisal, High-Level Workshop on “Maritime Issues and UNCLOS: Sharing European/EU and Asian Approaches to Territorial Disputes”, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, Halong City, Vietnam, 4 – 5 June 2015.
    Published in the Maritime Issues, 14 November 2016, http://www.maritimeissues.com/working-papers/maritime-security-in-southeast-asia-an-appraisal.html
  1. B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal. Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Volume 6, Issue 4, 2014, pp. 207 – 226, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. (Printed Publication).

Online Version: Published on 6 November 2014, DOI 10.1080/18366503.2014.956856, B.A. Hamzah, V.L. Forbes, Jalila A. Jalil, M.N. Basiron (2014). The Maritime Boundaries of Malaysia and Indonesia in Malacca Strait: An Appraisal, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, Taylor and Francis Group.

2.      Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Indonesia’s Maritime Boundaries with Singapore and Indonesia: Issues for Consideration for Malaysia, Diplomatic Voice, Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (IDFR), Vol. 3, 2014, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.

3.      Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Significance of UNCLOS: Malaysia’s Maritime Zones, Contemporary Legislations and Cases on Dispute Settlement. The Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia, Volume 14, Number 1, August 2014, pp. 69 – 88.

4.      En. Rahim Hussin, Jalila Abdul Jalil and Mohamad Zulariff Abdullah (2015). Maritime Security for Southeast Asia – An Appraisal, High-Level Workshop on “Maritime Issues and UNCLOS: Sharing European/EU and Asian Approaches to Territorial Disputes”, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, Halong City, Vietnam, 4 – 5 June 2015.

Published in the Maritime Issues, 14 November 2016, http://www.maritimeissues.com/working-papers/maritime-security-in-southeast-asia-an-appraisal.html

Books

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Chapter 9, Maritime Delimitation: Unity In Boundary Lines. The Paradox of the Straits of Malacca: Balancing Priorities for A Sustainable Waterway, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. pp. 297 – 330.

  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Chapter 9, Policies and Legislative Practices in The Strait of Malacca, in H.M. Ibrahim and Hairil Anuar Husin (eds.), Profile of the Strait of Malacca: Malaysia’s Perspectives, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. 143 – 170.

 

Reports

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2016). The Impact of Philippines Arbitration against China on Claimant States and ASEAN in relation to Maritime Disputes in the South China Sea, MIMA Report.

  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil and Mohamad Zulariff Abdullah (2016). 1982 Treaty between Malaysia and Indonesia relating to the Legal Regime of Archipelagic State and the Rights of Malaysia in the Territorial Sea and Archipelagic Waters in Relations to the Corridor Lying Between East and West Malaysia: Implication to Malaysia’s Interests, MIMA Report.

  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). The concept of a single maritime boundary (SMB): Its application in defending Malaysia’s maritime boundary baselines, MIMA Report.

  4. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Protection of Maritime Archaeological and Historical Wrecks, Treasure Troves and Artifacts in Malaysia's Maritime Zones: A Review of National Legislation and the International Convention on Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001, UNCLOS 1982 and the Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks 2007, MIMA Report.

  5. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Application of Article 121: The Evolution of Travaux Preparatoires to Jurisprudence Development, MIMA Report.

  6. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). The Significance of Aids to Navigation and Navigational Issues as Factors of Special and Relevant Circumstances in Maritime Boundary Delimitation, MIMA Report.

  7. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2013). Third Party Intervention in Relation to Maritime Boundary Disputes: An Analysis, MIMA Report.

  8. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2013). Maritime Delimitation: Unity in Boundary Lines, MIMA Report.

  9. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2012). Unlocking the Sulawesi Maritime Boundaries Conundrum – Options for Malaysia, MIMA Report.

Bulletins and Magazines

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2016). Article 121 (3): Extraordinary Rocks, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 23 (2), pp 30 – 36.

  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Jurisprudence Developments on the Delimitation of the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 nm, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1), pp 33 – 42.

  3. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Maritime Boundaries in the Straits of Malacca, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1) 2015, pp 2 – 7.

  4. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2015). Competing Territorial and Maritime Claims in the Asia Pacific: Focusing on the South China Sea, MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 22 (1), pp 2 – 6.

  5. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge “Precious Rocks: So Near Yet So Far”. MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (2), pp 33 – 36.

  6. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). Sovereignty over Disputed Islands: Factors Considered by the International Court of Justice. MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (1), pp 38 – 44.

  7. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2008). MIMA Seminar on Islands: Which Boundaries, Whose Ownership? MIMA Bulletin, Vol. 15 (1), pp 31 – 32.

  8. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2007). Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) 1950: A Need for Revision. The IKMAL Journal, January, Vol. 12.

Newspaper Articles

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil. Need to upgrade ocean laws. (The Star, 30 October 2006, page 22).

  2. Diplomatic Approach to Resolve South China Sea Disputes, Sin Chew Daily, 17 June 2016.

Online Articles

  1. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2014). Setting Boundaries in the Sea. MIMA Sea Views, No. 9/2014, 23 May, pp 1 – 8.

  2. Jalila Abdul Jalil (2012). Bay of Bengal: ITLOS’ First Ruling In Favour of Bangladesh. MIMA Sea Views, No. 8/2012, 23 May, pp 1 – 4.

 

Darshinee Nadarajan
Darshinee NadarajanRESEARCHER ASSISTANT
Bachelor's degree in Marine Science
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
Vacant
VacantRESEARCH ASSISTANT
Ida Haryati Idris
Ida Haryati IdrisSENIOR SECRETARY
Centre for the Straits of Malacca (CSOM)

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