Council for Security and Coorperation Asia Pacific (CSCAP)

Council for Security and Coorperation Asia Pacific (CSCAP)
Final Meeting of the Study Group on Enhancing Contributions from Asia Pacific
Countries to UN Peacekeeping Operations (SG UNPKO)
Siem Reap, Cambodia, 19-21 November, 2017

In line with the reforms in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO), the UN High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) report recommended a number of reforms to enhance and strengthen UNPKO. These reforms and recent developments in UNPKO contributions called for 4 essential shifts namely Primacy of Politics, Responsive Operations, Stronger Partnerships, Field-focused and People-centred operations.

The Study Group (SG), Co-chaired by CSCAP Malaysia, CSCAP Korea and CSCAP Cambodia focused on enhancing contribution from Asia Pacific countries with the view to strengthen UNPKO by providing policy imperatives in matters concerning contributions to UNPKO. The SG conducted three meetings namely in Seoul on 11-12 November 2016, Kuala Lumpur on 18-19 May 2017, and Siem Reap on 20-21 November 2017. Capt. Martin A. Sebastian RMN (R), represented CSCAP Malaysia.

Capt. Martin has wide variety of experience in UNPKO. He managed UNPKO matters in the Malaysian Armed Forces, was trained as a UNPKO Instructor by the UN, served in UN field missions and served as a Strategic Planner for UNPKO in UNHQ, New York for 3 years.


The SG took note of the regular Troop/Police Contributing Countries (TCCs/PCCs) to UNPKO and the ongoing effort by the UN and member states in strengthening contributions. In the 2015 UNPKO Summit in New York, Heads of States pledged commitments, subsequently, in the UN Chief of Police Summit 2016 in New York and in the 2016 Defense Ministerial meeting in London, pledges were further discussed.

In 2017, another Defense Ministerial meeting was held in Vancouver with the view to strengthen planning and performance of UNPKO.

The final SG PKO recaped the findings from the 1st and 2nd SG PKO, and deliberated on further opportunities to strenthen UNPKO through contributions from Asia Pacific Countries. Notably, the SG PKO identified that besides troops/police and assets, there are other contributions to UNPKO like seconded staff at the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). Scholastic contributions, technology and logistics are also contributions worth looking into.

Enhanced relationship is required between and Permanent Missions of Member States in New York and DPKO. This enhancement is required for better information flow on UNPKO to Member States. Appropriate staffing is required at Permanent Missions to better engage the UN.

Member States may need to take UNPKO seriously if the Heads of States have pledged UNPKO support, as reported on the 2015 UNPKO Summit. UNPKO should not be viewed merely as a foreign ministry and defence ministry issue but a state issue as police, civilians and other ministries are involved when comes to deploying national instruments for UNPKO. Therefore, UNPKO matters should be held by the highest leadership in Member States.

More cooperation is required as regional, institutional, and scholars to address UNPKO on matters of policy. These will greatly enhance undergoing reforms in UNPKO.

Women in Peacekeeping has been a wide topic in UNPKO. This asset should be developed by Member States.

The UN has developed new arrangements and documents to assist in the preparation of contribution by TCCs/PCCs into the Peacekeeping Cabability Readiness System (PCRS). The new Strategic Force Generation and Capacity Planning Cell in DPKO, the new Military Unit Manuals including manuals on UN Maritime Task Forces and UN Riverine Operations, should be reference to strengthen contributions to UNPKO. Besides preparing contributions, TCCs/PCCs contingents should also have the adaptability to deal with changes in missions (natural disasters, deteriorating humanitarian or conflict situation) that will enhance Member States contributions to UNPKOs.


The CSCAP Draft Memorandum for the SG PKO was developed and it will be circulated to CSCAP Members for further inputs and then finalised to be presented at the 11th CSCAP General Conference in Chiang Mai, Thailand 14-15 Dec 2017.

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